Deforestation is one of the important issues of environmental change and degradation of soil. About 30 per cent of earth’s surface is covered by forests. South America, especially Brazil, West Central Africa and South-East Asia, are home to regions of dense forests.
The human pressure on forests has significantly increased in recent decades. The need for agricultural land, increased demand for fuel and commercial wood, more and more dam construction, large-scale ranching and mining along with growing industrialization and urbanization have ruthlessly exploited the forests and have in turn created chaotic conditions and severe environmental imbalances.
The main cause of deforestation is commercial exploitation of forests. Besides this, as a part of developmental drive, large dams are constructed across many rivers thereby destroying forests. The forests play a pivotal role in balancing the ecosystem or, in other words, in maintaining the oxygen and carbon balance of the earth. Forests have a multiple ecological role to play which affects all types of life in a variety of ways.
They thwart the dangers of cloud drifting, soil erosion, floods, wind erosion and groundwater evaporation. They also protect a wide variety of flora and fauna, provide recreation and can effectively control air pollution. Deforestation destroys symbiotic relationship between ecological infrastructure and animal and human species also.
There has been a growing concern among professional foresters along with social workers about the rate of deforestation everywhere. FAO, UNDP, World Bank and other government and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have expressed their opinion about deforestation and suggested plans to protect and renewal of forests. In India, the Chipko Andolan and Narmada Bachao Andolan are the two popular movements which have developed consciousness among the people to raise voice against the ruthless destruction of forests. 🇽🇰♻️🌎 #environment #nature #climatechange #sustainability #ecofriendly #savetheplanet #zerowaste #green #gogreen #recycle #sustainable #earth #plasticfree #eco #globalwarming #pollution #climate #love #photography #water